By far the most famous and grandiose structure remaining from the great cultural Chachapojja is the fortress of Kuelap. Every year the number of visits to the archaeological zone is growing, but quite a small number of people drew attention to the more "small" traces, which abounds in several regions of Peru.
Cloud people (autonym is translated) is enough time to devote to war, despite the fact that the army considered them powerful and dangerous opponent (they were one of the few resisted the great Inca Empire). Thus, great importance within their authorities had art and spiritual life. Today there are just 5-10 percent of all chachapojja information-their lifestyle, tradition and life in General. The traces left by their nearly destroyed and plundered by looters. But those particles that remained able to tell us amazing stories.
Petroglyphs and rock paintings culture Chachapojja
The concentration of rock art in the lands once inhabited by cloud people is impressive! From entire altars with warriors, Rainbows and sunshine to tiny anthropomorphic figurines. Have remained the same and the plastered walls of former buildings with intact muraljami (frescoes), depicting dancers, smiling people. Are fairly rare copies of drawings that contain few colors, and often drawings, executed in red paint from the pounded minerals, popular in this area.
Sarcophagi and thumbs chachapojja
The most distinguishing characteristic of the chachapojja culture from others is the way to the burial of the dead. Cloud people believed in an afterlife, and important for them was moving into it. The deceased were the pose of the embryo and zamurovyvali in personal vertical sarcophagus high up on the cliffs. The sarcophagus was to be directed to the East (the symbol of the awakening) and River (the symbol of eternal life).
The first Spaniards, starting razvorovyvat' sarcophagi, quickly realized that to take from them. Chachapojcy not believe that gold can bring in another world. With the body of the deceased leave only a totally personal thing, put it in ceremonial dress and wrapped in funeral Savannah. Large differences between the nobility and ordinary people were only there was no difference in the actual sarcophagus, figures and form human activity otobrazhavshih. Due to this fact, sarcophagi were abandoned and forgotten for a long time. But later there was a demand for ancient antiques for private collections. For example, a well-preserved shroud woven by hand with drawings and patterns could be worth a fortune on the black market. Looting recovered. Farmers sold their loot for a penny. The only quantity.
Sarcophagi, located in an incredibly tight spaces just smash and razlamyvali to whip up, and throwing the bones outwards, they took everything that could be any price. Often these were personal facial masks, adorned with drawings. But to this day something could survive intact. Some sarcophagi were settled by a colony of bees-killers, some are too steep rocks. But because today their masks, sometimes smiling, watching day after day on a new dawn and the rapidly changing life of descendants.
Buildings and villages
Not less than on steep cliffs, sarcophagi are impressive cliffs on the same little ritual village. Their orientation, shape buildings, reliefs on the walls-all had a certain value. Today some of these structures extremely dangerous to visit because of the fragility of the partially ruined rocks. To visit other climbing skills are needed with ropes, carabiners, etc. In such ritual centers was conducted ceremonies and important preparations for the burial. These fragile structures have yet to be fully explored and are waiting a century for a century.
Shards of ceramics and pottery Chachapojja
Another interesting evidence of culture. Shards of ceramics was escorted all the places settlements. Today, the majority of them find farmers in their fields. Because each local resident, you can find your own little home Chachapojja culture Museum. Leave in the hands of clay shards decorated with intricate pattern-like touch. Someone created this figure live hand brush, maybe a thousand years ago. And this figure is now in front of you!
One thought on “Traces of culture Chachapojja (Peru)”
Wow! Amazing place)