By far the most famous and grandiose structure remaining from the great cultural Chachapojja is the fortress of Kuelap. Every year the number of visits to the archaeological zone is growing, but quite a small number of people drew attention to the more "small" traces, which abounds in several regions of Peru.

culture Chachapojja

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Cloud people (autonym is translated) is enough time to devote to war, despite the fact that the army considered them powerful and dangerous opponent (they were one of the few resisted the great Inca Empire). Thus, great importance within their authorities had art and spiritual life. Today there are just 5-10 percent of all chachapojja information-their lifestyle, tradition and life in General. The traces left by their nearly destroyed and plundered by looters. But those particles that remained able to tell us amazing stories.

Petroglyphs and rock paintings culture Chachapojja

The concentration of rock art in the lands once inhabited by cloud people is impressive! From entire altars with warriors, Rainbows and sunshine to tiny anthropomorphic figurines. Have remained the same and the plastered walls of former buildings with intact muraljami (frescoes), depicting dancers, smiling people. Are fairly rare copies of drawings that contain few colors, and often drawings, executed in red paint from the pounded minerals, popular in this area.

Sarcophagi and thumbs chachapojja

The most distinguishing characteristic of the chachapojja culture from others is the way to the burial of the dead. Cloud people believed in an afterlife, and important for them was moving into it. The deceased were the pose of the embryo and zamurovyvali in personal vertical sarcophagus high up on the cliffs. The sarcophagus was to be directed to the East (the symbol of the awakening) and River (the symbol of eternal life).

The first Spaniards, starting razvorovyvat' sarcophagi, quickly realized that to take from them. Chachapojcy not believe that gold can bring in another world. With the body of the deceased leave only a totally personal thing, put it in ceremonial dress and wrapped in funeral Savannah. Large differences between the nobility and ordinary people were only there was no difference in the actual sarcophagus, figures and form human activity otobrazhavshih. Due to this fact, sarcophagi were abandoned and forgotten for a long time. But later there was a demand for ancient antiques for private collections. For example, a well-preserved shroud woven by hand with drawings and patterns could be worth a fortune on the black market. Looting recovered. Farmers sold their loot for a penny. The only quantity.

Sarcophagi, located in an incredibly tight spaces just smash and razlamyvali to whip up, and throwing the bones outwards, they took everything that could be any price. Often these were personal facial masks, adorned with drawings. But to this day something could survive intact. Some sarcophagi were settled by a colony of bees-killers, some are too steep rocks. But because today their masks, sometimes smiling, watching day after day on a new dawn and the rapidly changing life of descendants.

Buildings and villages

Not less than on steep cliffs, sarcophagi are impressive cliffs on the same little ritual village. Their orientation, shape buildings, reliefs on the walls-all had a certain value. Today some of these structures extremely dangerous to visit because of the fragility of the partially ruined rocks. To visit other climbing skills are needed with ropes, carabiners, etc. In such ritual centers was conducted ceremonies and important preparations for the burial. These fragile structures have yet to be fully explored and are waiting a century for a century.

Shards of ceramics and pottery Chachapojja

Another interesting evidence of culture. Shards of ceramics was escorted all the places settlements. Today, the majority of them find farmers in their fields. Because each local resident, you can find your own little home Chachapojja culture Museum. Leave in the hands of clay shards decorated with intricate pattern-like touch. Someone created this figure live hand brush, maybe a thousand years ago. And this figure is now in front of you!

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The Cordillera Blanca is snow ridge, part of the Andes mountain system, is it from North to South and thus divides the territory of central Peru into two sections-East and West. The highest point in Peru is located here. Eternal glaciers give the mountain a kaleidoscope array of Lakes the most different shades of blue and dark blue. This is an incredible and wonderful world that is changing very rapidly today in connection with global warming and human activity.

Cordillera Blanca

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The lagoons Varmikocha and Orkonokocha

Perhaps the most readily available from those that we today will show. Two huge Lakes, are drawn to each other through the Valley, connecting the East and West. Upper Lake Orkonokocha (literally "male Lake) has a height of 3860 meters after kilometer poured into bottom-Varmikocha (" female Lake)-height of 3850 meters, merged into one, the waters of these lakes are leaving the village of Yungay on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera and there fall into the waters of the river Santa ("Holy"). These lakes were venerated in ancient cultures residing on both sides of the mountains. And they symbolize (how it is not difficult to guess), the duality of nature and this duality merging into one. Today, Varmikocha and Orkonokocha are popular among tourists for its symbolism, but for awesome colors-each Lake your shade of Turquoise. Top-a bit smaller and a bit greener, and the bottom is almost entirely blue. Janganuko Gorge, hosts two Great Lakes, perfect its climate for Andean endemic polilepisa (unique tree of the Rosaceae family). And the polilepis thrives along described lagoons. These trees here reach incredible proportions, and their trunks have the freakish form!

Laguna 69

Amazing Lake color Sapphire, fueled by Chakrarahu glacier. Inability to drive up transport, and sufficiently serious height-4612 meters make Lagoon is more appetizing than another. Day trekking to the blue water becomes a small test, for which, however, each which had done the way receives a reward in the form of incredible mountain views and the lagoon, situated directly below the snowy and icy ledges, and then with a bang showered down. Almost the entire route of the travellers accompany the cow, which weathers the height and at an altitude of 4000 meters start owning little fur viskachej-wild relatives of chinchillas.

Laguna Palkakocha

Funny title of this Lagoon is a little distracting from his sad history and no less sad. Not so long ago in the year 1941, Palkaranka mountain in the earthquake dropped multi-ton piece of ice with ourselves-part of its glacier. Wave, caused by falling boulders ruined the bed of Lake and water rushed through the Valley in Huaraz, typing the path in itself rocks, chunks of dirt, ice and debris. Huaraz has undergone the strongest destruction, more than 6 thousand people died in the crash. Since then glacial lakes began to treat seriously and provide their protivoselevymi structures. Palkakocha has one of the most powerful of such systems and it, including making her one of the most interesting. Huge tube stretch for more than a kilometer from Lake dam in the Gorge, in the event of a new wave of unload thread make it uniform and not allow him to razrusht' Lodge. Today this beautiful bright blue lagoon is a clear example of climate change on the planet. Glaciers melting over it with incredible speed, and the size of the Lake, its depth and capacity change with each new year.

Laguna Iyaka

Jaka is available for visitors and lovers of mountains in two ways-on foot (a long way), or by car/motorbike (in this case, it would be a complete drive for machines and inexhaustible adventurism for motorcycle). The peculiarity of this Lagoon is a rapidly melting glacier descending from the eponymous shestitysjachnika Ranrapalka. Over the past thirty years the glacier Iyaka decreased twice, releasing almost three miles of alluvial debris and Morin. On this very liberated space today are new lagoons the color dirty milk. Here you can feel completely on another planet, come close to the glacier and listen to curdling sounds inside the caves.

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Our route, sometimes can change (or add a pair of five-hundred kilometers) in just two words. And they should not be rugatel'nymi. This time it was absolutely magical phrase. "footprints of dinosaurs".
The phrase "huesos de los dinosaurios" was met by chance when looking for totally unrelated to the planning of route information. But here it caught my eye and it became clear that an investigation should be started!

dinosaur footprints in Peru

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To top promotion in our detective was not so simple. Local respondents either did not know or gave totally different coordinates and descriptions. But after interviewing, probably more than twenty people, and collecting the puzzle of their words together, we got almost the exact almost coordinates. And this is already enough to begin the path.

Search for traces of dinosaurs in Peru

This time there was the southernmost extremity of the Cordillera Blanca and the National Park of Huascaran. We had thought that there was already a huge snowy Ridge comes to naught, but all turned out to be not so simple. With the main asphalt road running along the river Santa, we turned on, almost in the steppes, gradually rising up. There the first signs that the dinosaurs are very close. Very soon began huge flowers of the family bromeliads Present Raimondi. These endemic species are very rare even for its original territory. Pouilly lived a long life, which bloom only once, but how! To thirty-forty years the plant releases the arrow that will bloom for decades. Along with her flower plant has a truly giant size is about 12 meters in height!

Ahead on our way began to come across unusual sources with varying temperature and color of the water. One of them produced a sparkling shipjashhuju tepid water. Soon the mountain if cracked and began to finally rise on the serpentine. By cave paintings again. the glaciers! With each meter height was getting cooler, but dinosaur footprints beckoned forward. Landscapes have gone so unusual that seemed even a little bit and we nastupim dinosaurs on the heel!

Already on the other side of the Cordillera, we fell into the possession of a major mining company. It was on their territory and are those most traces of the giant teropoda. They are on one of the layers of volcanic rock, and were open quite by accident during the construction of the road, next to which are. Once this layers were horizontal and soft like clay. Some dinosaur left his imprint, volcano eruption later traces of buried volcanic deposits, and then closed even layers of sediments from different eras. Today, this "floor filler" has turned into a vertical wall. During construction the Road layer of loose clay crumbled and freed that fills the imprint. Total was found about 12-TI sites with dinosaur footprints, and most likely it is not the limit!

The night was freezing! At a height of 4800 air temperature at night drops below zero. Our motorcycle completely froze up. Apparently, to match the terrain he covered with a thick layer of frost and long enough did not want to start. But here's the Sun otogrelo all of us and our journey continued. It was decided to return via Pastoruri glacier disappearing. This glacier is melting rapidly and will never gain weight in the winter. The question of disappearance Pastoruri-only a matter of time. But how many secrets keeps this handsome (apart from drinking water to almost half of the inhabitants of the province of Ancash). Yielding daylight stones that were buried under tons of ice for millions of years, the glacier releases a whole archive preistoricheskih times! Traces of dinosaurs (again) and endless ornaments of ancient, almost like the world of ferns.

Millions of years long history to which so gently you can touch!

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There is such a notion as city-antipodes. Such places on the globe, because most of the falls on the oceans.

I wanted to get to a point opposite on the globe where I was born.

And I was lucky! Because such a place exists. Approximately 20 thousand kilometers from Lake Baikal there are two cities in Chile-Punta Arenas and Punto Natales. They correspond to the Ust-Barguzinu and Ulan-Ude.

If you want to learn other Antipodes, you can use the formula x° N/S y° E/W x ↦° S/N (180 − y)° W/E or at the next tool select a point on one of the cards, and on the other will see its antithesis:

Moscow's no antidote-an opposing is in the ocean.

What interesting city-Antipodes found you?

World natural heritage-this status was gifted the Huascaran National Park UNESCO International Programme back in 1985. Almost 15 per cent of the area of the Park is occupied by everlasting glaciers formed and continue to form moist air masses in the Amazon.

Huascaran National Park

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The reserve is the name of the highest point of Peru, which includes. Huascaran mountain consists of two peaks-the North and South. Despite their status (protected area), Huascaran is literally covered with roads and paths, also allowed the rural activities of the indigenous descendants of the great and ancient cultures of Huari and Chavin, who to this day speak Quechua. The snowy peaks of the park once sacred before, are now the main source of income. Mining was the main thing of the Spanish conquerors in the Uaskarane. And to this day in the mountains after deep and narrow gape, terrible mine. And to this day, gold mining, but it is in the manual.

Huascaran, Peru

Ridge, passing through North-South Huascaran and it generates, is the watershed between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. He divides the territory of Peru in two opposite areas-arid desert Pacific coast and rainforests of the Amazon. Here at the intersection of two of these zones is born the most important supply of fresh drinking water, not only for the region of Ancash, but also for the entire country. This stock-glaciers-similar to the radiant diamond Crown. Weirdly attractive place for mountain lovers and adventure.

East and West Uaskarana

From West to East the Huascaran permeate several roads. From the first meeting with the National Park, we realized that we want to try most of them. Of all the roads only one pass is fully sealed, the rest have asphalt fragmentary, are either not at all. This fact makes every intersection of the Cordillera in the great adventure.

The first pass greeted us sleet-despite the high quality of the road, it was a bit scary. It was the first snow for our motorcycle, and we really didn't know, "enjoy" does it to him. Snow quickly stopped to melt and already ten minutes start rebounding from the brilliant roads like peas. The Sun seemed to be just around the corner, its rays and then ill in narrow gaps in heavy clouds. We decided to wait for the weather change and enjoy the snow, which for so long not seen.

On the other side views the Cordillera suddenly changed. From the West it looked more harsher scowl. On the West side of rustic only in small villages. Here is quite rarely tourists and locals as very friendly and happy to outlandish guests.

North and South Huascaran National Park

In addition to differences in the Western and Eastern parts of the Uaskarana, a very strong difference between the northern and southern parts. The southern passes a little lower and not as severe, if slightly straightened the Andes here, while maintaining the sharpness of the peaks.

Interesting road (sometimes with this breaking and sometimes with perfect asphalt), ruins and archaeological sites, old abandoned and rare working gold mine, unique nature (it is here that we first saw the Condor), sincere locals, geology and glaciers (seems to be on steep slopes they stick to the pure magic), lagoons and rivulet variety of shades of blue and blue-blue sky-Huascaran National Park is a treasure chest. Sometimes we thought conceived a way to overcome the difficult or impossible, sometimes we froze, and sometimes got burned noses and cheeks. But now each route it (on a motorcycle or on foot) is a bright and warm memories, stirring the blood.

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